The twentieth century art world was exciting and controversial. Artists moved away from representational to abstract work. Why? Starting with the Armory Show of 1913 in which New York was introduced to the American and European avant garde, we'll study major art movements including Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, and De Stijl. We will focus on traditional as well as fringe artists, examining their work in relation to concurrent historical, musical, scientific, and technological events. Think Picasso, Kandinsky, Mondrian, O'Keeffe, and Kahlo. In addition, we will discuss the terminology and language of abstraction to better describe, understand, and analyze the works we study. Textbook, World of Art: Abstract Art, Anna Moszynska, 2020. See Textbook and Supply List for textbook information.