Following the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, our Founding Fathers continued in session to draft a new form of government. They developed the Articles of Confederation and elected Samuel Huntington as the first President of the United States. For 12 years, our fledgling country was governed by these Articles. This class focuses on the drafting and governing under this flawed compact. Rarely does history chat much about this hiccup but we will in this two-hour course. The lessons learned by Washington, Madison and Hamilton helped them frame the U.S. Constitution which was adopted in 1788. (Term 1 Class)
Around 10,000 BCE, a human carved a distinctive design onto a bone. This is the oldest known swastika, and for centuries it was held in esteemed symbolism by the ancient Druids, Celts, Teutonic Knights and Nordic tribes. The swastika (from Sanskrit, meaning well-being) has been a symbol of peace and joy thousands of years. Prior to 1920, the swastika was a popular design in the west; many native American tribes had the swastika woven in their blankets, baskets, and painted on pottery. This class will explore the fantastical journey taken by this organic design and its ignoble end in Germany.
Across our planet ' s recorded history, there have been countless brilliant women; military leaders, heroines, entrepreneurs, innovators, inventors, explorers, and teachers. Some were acknowledged, even honored, but history moves on and these women too often become lost in the male dominated march of time. From 805 BC, to present, we will look at these remarkable women - Sacagawea, Madam C. J. Walker (born Sarah Breedlove), Annie Minerva Turnbo, Julia Morgan, and Hedy Lamarr - who had to battle for their place in history.
The history of the 14 Dalai Lamas begins with the great Buddhist Master Je Tsongkapa (1359 - 1419) and ends with current 14th Dalai Lama. How did this line of the spiritual and temporal leaders of Tibet start and is the 14th Dalai Lama the last one? What was special about each and every Dalai Lama? How did the name Dalai Lama originate. Which Dalai Lamas have the most historical influence and which were drunkards and womanizers. Which were great Buddhist Scholars and which died at an early age accomplishing nothing? These questions and more will be answered during this look through the history of the men who became Dalai Lamas. (Term 1 Class)
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